Distributed Multi-Robot Navigation in Formation among Obstacles: A Geometric and Optimization Approach with Consensus

  title = {Distributed {Multi}-{Robot} {Navigation} in {Formation} among {Obstacles}: {A} {Geometric} and {Optimization} {Approach} with {Consensus}},
  abstract = {This paper presents a distributed method for navigating a team of robots in formation in 2D and 3D environments with static and dynamic obstacles. The robots are assumed to have a reduced communication and visibility radius and share information with their neighbors. Via distributed consensus the robots compute (a) the convex hull of the robot positions and (b) the largest convex region within free space. The robots then compute, via sequential convex programming, the locally optimal parameters for the formation within this convex neighborhood of the robots, allowing for reconfigurations, when required, by considering a set of target formations. The robots navigate towards the target collision-free formation with individual local planners that account for their dynamics. The approach is efficient and scalable with the number of robots and performs well in simulations.},
  language = {en},
  booktitle = {2016 {IEEE} {International} {Conference} on {Robotics} and {Automation} ({ICRA})},
  author = {Alonso-Mora, Javier and Montijano, Eduardo and Schwager, Mac and Rus, Daniela},
  year = {2016},
  keywords = {formation\_control},
  pages = {8}